In our previous post, we learned that there are two types of hair that, combined in the same follicle, characterize the coat of the dog. Let’s see now how to classify dogs according to their coat and what care is the most appropriate for each of them:
1.Hard coat: Dachshund, West Highland Terrier or Schnauzer.
Greater growth of primary hair that normally exceeds 10 cm in length and has characteristic thickness. It is highly waterproof. The undercoat is less numerous and lighter.
It requires daily brushing, especially in times of moulting, so that the new hair does not get trapped in the thick fur.
This coat may be shaven with a machine in order to make the hair grow stronger but shouldn’t be cut too short.
It can be washed every 3 or 4 weeks with a shampoo that doesn´t contain oils or softeners so as to maintain its natural qualities.
2.Curly coat: Poodle, Kerry Blue Terrier.
Characterized by being a long and woolly coat, it has more secondary hairs, although thicker in comparison to other types of undercoat. Its main attribute is that it grows continuously and therefore needs more frequent cuts, avoiding the electrical machine as much as possible.
It tends to knot so daily brushing is recommended and frequent washes (every 20 days) with moisturizing shampoos that avoid drying the dog’s skin. The ears must be well dried.
3.Short coat: Boxer, Pinscher, Pit Bull.
It has many highly developed secondary hairs. Primary hairs are shorter than other types of fur.
They don’t need much care. It is not advisable to bathe them more than once every month and a half as it may damage the protective structures of the natural coat. Brushing should be with soft brush once a week, being more frequent in times of moulting.
4.Long coat: Yorkshire terrier, Pomeranian, Cocker Spaniel.
Long silky hair, it has a fast growth and a constant drop being more intense in the moult. It has a good balance between primary and secondary hair.
Daily brushing is required to avoid tangling.
You can bathe the dog once a month using shampoo with softener to prevent the occurrence of tangles. Dry with a hair dryer.
Do not use a shaving machine to cut the coat as it will damage the primary hair leaving the secondary hair to dominate, giving a ruffled appearance and worsening the quality of the coat.